Achieving Healthy Smiles in Fayetteville & Manlius
Kevin Sorge, DDS, can help you prevent and treat gum disease
The American Academy of Periodontology estimates that 47.2% of American adults have periodontitis (the advanced form of gum disease). Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it. That is one reason why regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are very important.
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is caused by plaque, the sticky film of bacteria that is constantly forming on our teeth. The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. At this stage, your gums may become red, swollen and bleed easily. Gingivitis is still reversible and can usually be eliminated by a professional cleaning at your dental office, followed by daily brushing and flossing.
Advanced gum disease is called periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis can lead to the loss of tissue and bone that support the teeth, which may grow more severe over time. As it progresses, your teeth may start to feel loose and/or shift.
Aggressive periodontitis is a highly destructive form of periodontal disease. Common symptoms include rapid loss of tissue and bone and may occur in some areas of the mouth, or in the entire mouth.
Warning signs & symptoms of gum disease:
- gums that bleed easily
- red, swollen, tender gums
- gums that have pulled away from the teeth
- persistent bad breath or bad taste
- permanent teeth that are loose or separating
- any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- any change in the fit of partial dentures
Factors that may increase the risk of developing gum disease:
- poor oral hygiene
- smoking or chewing tobacco
- crooked teeth that are hard to keep clean
- medications, including steroids, certain types of anti‐epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives
If you suspect you have gum disease, please give us a call. The sooner you seek treatment, the better. Research between systemic diseases and periodontal diseases is ongoing. While a link is not conclusive, some studies indicate that severe gum disease may be associated with several other health conditions such as diabetes or stroke.